The project that we will be presenting at the South Eastern
Psychological Association Meeting concerned resiliency of first-year, female
college students in an attempt to extend the use of the pre-existing Adolescent
Girls’ Resilience Scale (AGRS; Aspelmeier, Whittington, & Budbill,
2015). The AGRS was previously used to measure change in the potential for
resilience among adolescent girls, ages ten to eighteen, resulting from
participation in a broad range of programs designed to promote resilience among
girls, particularly in short-term, outdoor camp and adventure programs.
Confidence and Positive Peer relationships were the two factors chosen on the
basis of being amenable to change and predictive of resilience to traumatic
events. In the previous research, 900 adolescent girls in wildlife adventure
camps were given the questionnaire and had their results taken longitudinally
as they participated in events over the course of the camp. The AGRS was
re-administered to see if resilience scores increased post intervention.
The new research, Resilience among women in the first semester at college: A validation study was conducted to validate the measure with older females, ages seventeen to nineteen, particularly women in their first year of college at Radford University. Questionnaires testing the two factors of the AGRS were also administered to assess the content validity of the measure. The related measures were as follows: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1965); a short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) (Sarason, Sarason, Shearin, & Pierce, 1987), which measures both network density and satisfaction with support network; Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) (Brenna, Clark, & Shaver, 1998), which provides scores on the dimensions of avoidance and anxiety; and Symptoms Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R; Derogatis, 1994), which generates a global symptoms index. The results found that the AGRS correlated and thus captured information as the RSES, SSQ, and ECR, and negatively correlated with the SCL-90-R, as it was a measure of risk factors of mental illness. In addition, the AGRS was able to capture more information than the Rosenberg Self-Esteem.
Keywords: Resilience, College women, Attachment, Self-esteem, Social Support
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